Income generated by NRIs in India is taxable in India and some of the tax benefits available to resident Indians are not available to NRIs. Check out new Tax Slab.
While non-resident Indians (NRIs) live abroad, many of them retain strong connections with India. If they continue to generate income in this country, they have an obligation to pay taxes and file their income-tax returns.
Returns and Forms Applicable for Non-Resident Individual for AY 2022-2023
Non-Resident Individual is an individual who is not a resident of India for tax purposes. In order to determine whether an Individual is a Non-Resident or not, his residential status is required to be determined u/s 6 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 as given below:
An individual will be treated as a Resident in India in any previous year if he / she satisfies any of the following conditions:
1. If he / she is in India for a period of 182 days, or more during the previous year or
2. If he / she is in India for a period of 60 days or more during the previous year and 365 days or more during 4 years immediately preceding the previous year.
An individual who does not satisfy both the conditions as mentioned above will be treated as Non-Resident in that previous year.
However, in respect of an Indian citizen and a person of Indian origin who visits India during the year, the period of 60 days as mentioned in (2) above shall be substituted with 182 days. The similar concession is provided to the Indian citizen who leaves India in any previous year as a crew member or for the purpose of employment outside India.
The Finance Act, 2020, w.e.f. Assessment Year 2021-22 has amended the above exception to provide that the period of 60 days as mentioned in (2) above shall be substituted with 120 days, if an Indian citizen or a person of Indian origin whose Total Income, other than Income from Foreign Sources, exceeds ₹ 15 lakh during the previous year.
The Finance Act, 2020 has also introduced new Section 6(1A) which is applicable from Assessment Year 2021-22. It provides than an Indian citizen earning Total Income in excess of ₹ 15 lakh (other than income from foreign sources) shall be deemed to be Resident in India if he / she is not liable to pay tax in any country.
For more information, please visit the Indian Income Tax website page here.